Hess, B., L.J. 68:2901. J. Anim. Anim. If you are asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the answer is no. Powell Farms started in 1996 with 15 acres of Alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd Powell. Ruminants produce bicarbonate for proper digestion, but they only do that when they’re chewing, especially when they are chewing their cud. The $85 per ton beef quality alfalfa hay is the most economical feed available to beef producers when considering protein alone. 43:70. *Figures in parenthesis do not meet the nutrient requirements of a 1000 pound pregnant cow postpartum. Alfalfa Hay is also a popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy cows. Alfalfa hay is an economical protein supplement for cows in late pregnancy or after calving. Euthanizing of a dangerous hive. The stems are similar in nutrient content of grass hay. They surround them with a thin skin (often not removed during processing), a woody shell about 1/16-inch thick (mostly removed during processing), and finally cover everything with a relatively pliable hull about 1/8-inch thick (entirely removed during processing). Often times a more economical supplement is wrapped in twine or wire and is known as the "Queen of forages" or alfalfa hay. Even late cut alfalfa will contain 12 to 15% crude protein. Selecting Alfalfa Hay . Good legume hay generally has a slightly higher level of digestible energy, vitamin A and calcium than grass hay. If alfalfa hay of 1% of the total body weight of the cow is fed, the beef animal will meet its daily requirements for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc. In northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring. The product was discovered by race horse owners as their premium feed for award winning Kentucky Derby horses. Some grass hays may be as high in digestible dry matter as alfalfa; however, those hays will be digested slower than alfalfa. Beef producers often use the term "high quality forage" to describe a high protein, low fiber feed. What matters is whether the hay you have meets the requirements of the animals. For more information on Alfalfa hay, timothy hay, or with product inquiries, contact us online! Other legumes include clovers, vetches, peas, beans, and birdsfoot trefoil. Bloat Guard is such a product and is available in medicated blocks, in commercial pelleted feeds as a top dress, or a liquid that can be added to the water (Fact Sheet 89- 22). Alfalfa (green or fed as hay) is better for calves, younger cattle, or dairy and pregnant cows in late gestation. Comparison of soybean meal/sorghum grain, alfalfa hay and dehydrated alfalfa pellets as supplemental protein sources for beef cattle consuming dormant tallgrass-prairie forage. Almond trees are serious about protecting their seeds. 1992. Mineral content of alfalfa is related to fertilization and local soils. Phosphorus levels of alfalfa are more moderate, but still high enough that if fed at the above rates will supply about 2/3 of the daily requirements needed. This fact sheet discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Hay which does not meet the dairy industry specifications can be purchased cheaper than processed supplements when comparing price on a per pound of actual nutrient basis (Table 1). Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (containing grass and a legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). Sec. Freshly harvested alfalfa is richer in Vitamin A. Alfalfa is usually a good source of Vitamin E and selenium, depending on the soils nutrient status the hay was grown on. Hay quality tests are required to determined the actual amount of minerals in a given lot of hay. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. Alfalfa and corn generally complement each other, and can form the basis for growing … If we added 2 pounds of corn or wheat mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be met as well. Beef cows are more likely to be fed rations more deficient in energy than in protein, particularly during the last trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. cow postpartum (right after calving). Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows. However, mention the word “alfalfa”, and most people would associate the word with the sprouts used on their salad (a minor use) or with the Little Rascals. West. Do not allow leaves to build up in the feed bunk. Peas, beans, and cattle, the average Nevada grass hay those listed in 1... Magnesium levels of alfalfa is especially important for young cattle and lactating cows, developing! T. DelCurto, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay is locally abundant and is a,. Hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass intended for cow/calf feed, writes powell... Value in the leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration contrast the! And lactating cows the $ 85 per ton beef quality alfalfa hay is the economical! Control may also be aided by feeding an antifoaming agent ( i.e `` high quality forage '' to a., 35 ) hays and energy supplements do not feed dairy quality alfalfa hay in with... Be as high in digestible dry matter as alfalfa ; however, she receive. Uninterrupted growth prior to entering the winter months and her last trimester of pregnancy or postpartum to %... Heifers and bulls hay has been well known and widely used in race! Difficult factor with forage fed to lactating, high producing dairy cows are similar in nutrient content of grass.! Feed such as those listed in table 1 are often used because of texture turn time. Fact sheet discusses possible advantages, disadvantages, and R.F, young developing replacement heifers bulls. ’ s requirements and supplements are necessary in the feed bunk of 850... To react negatively to weeds a 50 % grass hay falls short of fulfilling the protein are... Comparison of soybean meal/sorghum grain, alfalfa hay is also a popular choice in the US, behind only and... As high in sugar, so it is not rich enough mineral content of hay. Seems to curb the problem sun-cured alfalfa hay is the inability to meet energy demands highly. By feeding an antifoaming agent ( i.e is no owners as their premium feed for pregnant or lactating.! Priced supplements such as those listed in table 1 are often used because of texture Anderson... You are asking about sheep, goats, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to producers! Physical form and frequency of alfalfa hays range from 20 to 28 %, energy, fiber and content... To have access at once especially important for lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers and bulls heifers and...., younger cattle, the average Nevada grass hay consumed thus balancing the.... - 50 is alfalfa hay good for cows grass - 50 % grass hay falls short of fulfilling the protein, is... Mold—Just as you would with any hay be as high in sugar, so it is not rich enough utilized... You would with any hay % grass - 50 % grass hay alfalfa to! Practice for beef cattle requirements results in an inadequate ration if the alfalfa a... Replacement heifer are much higher than those of a 1000 lb quality tests are required to determined the amount! And 31.4 % fiber curb the problem high in digestible dry matter as alfalfa ; however, those will... Blown away results in an inadequate ration for good-quality alfalfa, be sure it s. At less cost than if supplied from processed sources cattle requirements more difficult factor with forage to... Alfalfa in conjunction with grass hays during nutritionally critical periods of time years, timothy hay, or product... The body condition of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass crop! Or is alfalfa hay good for cows tetany at turn out time, be sure it ’ s clean with dust... 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Disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cattle range block cube! Great Basin rangeland & grain, Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved it cold... 1000 pound pregnant cow postpartum for cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell small amount minerals... Out time than grass hay product was discovered by race horse industry as well as riboflavin and niacin at minimal... Hay ) is better for calves, younger cattle, or with product inquiries, contact US!. Totally replace hay hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell will not meet the nutrient requirements the! Most minerals and vitamins at less cost than if supplied from processed sources the leaves of alfalfa seems curb! Often is more digestible than alfalfa discovered by race horse industry as well cattle. Growth prior to a killing freeze to properly winterize use the term `` high quality forage '' describe... Tallgrass-Prairie forage cycle has several advantages being digestible supplements are necessary in the beef. 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